According to recent studies, EMS training is one of the "top trends" in the German fitness market. The modern type of workout has now established itself as a highly efficient method for improving physical fitness, performance and health. However, the highly developed technology does not play the only decisive role. Equally important - and even essential for ensuring the success of the training and a safe application - is the trainer. He is familiar with his customers and uses the “EMS tool” in order to set a training-relevant stimulus in the shortest time possible. He accompanies and supervises the progress and simultaneously functions as a consultant for the right diet and a healthy lifestyle. The appointments and the support also ensure sustainable motivation along with a sufficient regularity of the training, through which personal training goals are optimally achieved.
In the application of EMS training, safety plays an important role. The current scientific results clearly show what is necessary for the safe use of the technology. For this reason, guidelines have been developed based on the recommendations of the respective sports scientists of the German Universities of Cologne, Kaiserslautern and Erlangen, who are researching in the field of EMS. The guidelines which should always be taken into account when using EMS* are the result of a consensus event with representatives of science, training and equipment manufacturers and cover both trainer and user.
The resulting recommendations from the scientific community are now standard in the EMS training and also an important criterion for TÜV certification for EMS providers. For practical purposes, some important recommendations can be derived from the guidelines:
- The training must always be accompanied by a trained trainer. The latter is aware of the content of the directive and can implement it accordingly.
- A trainer can train a maximum of 2 people at the same time with EMS.
- The interval between two training sessions should be at least 4 days.
EMS training belongs in responsible hands. It is not an application for group or hometraining. Even after an introduction phase for the trainer, EMS can never be a "selfservice training"!
* Kemmler W, Froehlich M, von Stengel S, Kleinöder H.:Whole-Body Electromyostimulation – The Need for Common Sense! Rationale and Guideline for a Safe and Effective Training. Dtsch Z Sportmed. 2016; 67: 218-221.
Bitte beachten Sie dazu auch ein Statement des Deutschen Industrieverbandes für Fitness und Gesundheit e.V. - Link zum Dokument
- Maximum of 2 arm lengths distanceTrainer – Client
- Maximum of 2 arm lengths distance Trainer – Device
- Maximum of 2 arm lengths distance Client – Device
Whole-Body Electromyostimulation – The Need for Common Sense! Rationale and Guideline for a Safe and Effective Training.
Kemmler W, Froehlich M, von Stengel S, Kleinöder H.; Deutsche Zeitschrift für Sportmedizin. 2016; 67: 218-221.
- A safe and effective whole-body EMS training is always carried out with the company of a trained and licensed EMS trainer.
- For each new entrant, a history of the contraindications must be given before the first training. This is documented in writing and confirmed by both signatures of the trainer and the customer which also have to be archived. In the case of relevant abnormalities, the training may only be carried out after medical approval.
- As with any intensive body training, care must be taken to carry out the EMS training only in good physical condition. This includes a renunciation of alcohol, drugs or exhaustive preload in advance. No training should be carried out under the effect of febrile diseases.
- Full body EMS training involves a very high amount of muscle mass and thus generates a very high metabolic load on the organism. As far as possible this is to be compensated by a sufficient food intake in advance. In particular, a carbohydrates-rich intake is recommended. If this could not be achieved, a carbohydrate-rich but non-polluting snack (≈250 kcal) should ideally be taken approximately 2 hours before the workout.
- In order to counter potential renal stress (especially with unknown damage) by intensive whole-body EMS application, an increased supply of fluid (500 ml each) must be taken before, during and after training.
- Regardless of the physical status, the users past experience or his corresponding wish, EMS training cannot be carried out at full-strength during the first training session or during a trial session. Especially this approach has led to undesirable side effects and negative health consequences in the past and must be avoided.
- After a moderate initial EMS application, the stimulus level or current intensity can only be increased successively. At the earliest after 8-10 weeks the highest value can be adjusted (subjective load of the user: difficult-difficult+). A training at full load, especially in the sense of a painful, steady tetanus during the current phase, must generally be avoided. In addition, initial training should take place with reduced effective training time. It is recommended to use a phase over 5 min for impulse acclimatization as well as a shortened workout with moderate reactivity (subjective load of the user: somewhat difficult) and intermittent load with short impulse phase (≈) over 12 min. The training period should then be carefully increased and finally arrive at a maximum of 20 minutes.
- In order to ensure adequate conditioning, the training frequency may not exceed one training unit per week during the first 8-10 weeks.
- Even after this conditioning phase, a period of ≥4 days must be maintained between the training units in order to prevent accumulation of muscle decay products, to ensure regeneration and adaptation and thus to ensure the success of the training.
- During the training session, the trainer has to deal exclusively with the user's interests. Before, during and after the training, the trainer verbally and visually checks the state of the trainee to rule out health risks and ensure effective training.
- During the training, the operating elements of the device are directly accessible for both the trainer and also for the trainee at any time. The possibility for operation / regulation of the device must always be given and must be simple, fast and precise.