Equivalent effectiveness to gold standard
Medical EMS was shown to be at least as effective as multimodal treatment (gold standard), and much less time consuming.
Significant pain relief with Medical EMS
Clinically significant improvement of the primary endpoint: improvement of the pain scale (= Numeric Rating Scale (NRS 1-10)) by 2 points in the EMS group.
Only slight improvement in muscle function with the gold standard
Only slight improvement in muscle function in the group with multimodal treatment programme (gold standard)
No significant improvement in primary endpoint (NRS) in the multimodal treatment programme group (gold standard)